All types of biofeedback (including neurofeedback or EEG biofeedback) have Grade A evidence for effectively treating migraine and tension headaches. Our clinic, the Better Brain Center published a study in 2010 (http://betterbrains.wpengine.com/in-the-news/neurofeedback-and-biofeedback-with-37-migraineurs-a-clinical-outcome-study-1/) which showed that 3 combined types of biofeedback (2 traditional types of biofeedback coupled with EEG biofeedback or neurofeedback) were successful in helping 70% of the participants achieve at least a 50% reduction in the frequency of their headaches.
Neurotherapy is a broad term referring to the many types of biofeedback used to deliver information about the central nervous system which involve blood flow, thermal output from the brain or electrical activity. Neurofeedback (also called neurobiofeedback or EEG biofeedback) usually refers to frequency-based biofeedback that uses an EEG to give clients information about their brainwaves and gradually and subtly teaches people how to alter their brainwave activity. Sensors are attached to the scalp and the raw EEG signal is amplified, the frequency spectrum is extracted via a Fourier transform and selected frequency components are displayed through a user interface such as a video game. Unlike traditional biofeedback that monitors the status of peripheral aspects of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems (e.g. respiration, sweat gland skin response), neurofeedback monitors central nervous system or brain activity.
A preliminary review of the literature on the clinical applications of neurofeedback suggests that it may be effective for a number of cognitive, emotional, and physical problems such as ADD/ADHD, uncontrolled epilepsy, learning disabilities, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, alcoholism, autism, traumatic brain injury, bruxism and insomnia. The body of research is growing for neurofeedback- a promising non-invasive and safe intervention for mood, attentional, academic, athletic and sleep enhancement in addition to helping headache disorders. Please review.