Glossary of Terms
Alpha: 8-12 HZ or cycles per second. Characterized by disengagement or “being in neutral”. Usually rewarded at the back of the head but inhibited at frontal regions.
Amplitude: Refers to the strength or power of a brainwave.
Beta: 16-19 HZ or cycles per second. Characterized by intent focus. Typically rewarded frontally and on left side.
Biofeedback: A non-invasive technique where people use machines to learn to regulate their own body’s signals such as skin temperature, muscle tension or brainwaves. During training, clients are fed back information concerning these signals in order that they learn to change them to a more desired state, thereby improving their health.
Delta: 0-3 HZ or cycles per second. Characterized by sleep or sleepiness. Typically inhibited during neurofeedback training.
Frequency: Refers to the cycles per second or hertz (HZ) of each brainwave. See below for frequency bands.
Gamma: Over 30 HZ or cycles per second. Most neurofeedback protocols do not address this wave. It may be associated with states of extreme stress but also learning, memory and higher states of consciousness.
High Beta: 19-30 HZ or cycles per second. Characterized by stress, anxiety or muscle tension. Always inhibited in neurofeedback.
Neurofeedback: A specialized form of biofeedback which is a painless non-invasive procedure utilizing a video which displays a representation of the client’s brainwaves, which they learn to change in order to restore or enhance functioning. Generally used for headaches, traumatic brain injury, attentional, mood and sleep disorders in addition to academic and athletic performance enhancement.
Neurometabolism: How the brain or central nervous system utilizes energy.
Protocols: procedure used in neurofeedback, such as which machine to use and how it will be used to treat a certain presenting problem.
Sensorimotor Rhythm (SMR): 12-15 HZ or cycles per second. Characterized by calm focus. Typically rewarded along sensorimotor strip.
Theta: 4-7 HZ or cycles per second. Characterized by daydreaminess or spaciness. Typically inhibited in neurofeedback.
Let us help you feel better soon by calling now. The neurofeedback therapists and other staff at The Better Brain Center can help you determine your next steps. Call us today at (833) 964-8483 x 0 or CLICK HERE to contact our Intake Coordinator.